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MOLD GLOSSARY

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To help you gain a higher understanding of the mold challenge, this list of terminologies has been compiled to assist you.

Aerobic: Organism that lives, acts, or occurs solely within the presence of air (Oxygen) (e.g., a number of fungi)

Aerosol: A solid particle or liquid suspended in a gas (e.g., air). Fine mobile particles suspension sufficiently tiny in size to grant a point of stability from remains; i.e., air freshener, smoke, or fog.

Allergen: A substance which causes hypersensitive reaction in humans, and can be a fungus, spore, etc.

Allergic Reaction: Abnormal physiological response caused by a substance such as pollen, food, chemical, mold, dust, etc.

Aspergillosis: Infection or illness caused by inhaling over a long period, the fungi Aspergillus

Aspergillus:

A Latin term aspergillius, which means sprinkle. Any kind of fungi, as well as several common molds, a number of which cause inflicting illness. Generally, this fungi grows and will increase in hot dampish environments appropriate for human habitation. Some species usually are found in environments of water damage, and might manufacture toxins. They ought to be controlled using the highestt precaution. Additionally it is a potential cause of fatal illness of fowl and birds, caused by one of the many molds.

Asthma: A condition characterized by continual attacks of laboured respiration and asthmatic wheezes ensuing from irregular contraction, from allergen exposure such as foods, medicine, environmental pollutants, or various other factors.

Bacteria: simple and microscopic plants, typically solely visible through a magnifier. Some bacterium will cause diseases such as respiratory disorder (lung inflammation) and infectious disease (highly communicable disease characterised by high coughing, headache, fever, viscus harm, and red spots on the skin). Others do helpful things, for example forming vinegar from apple cider. Bacterium are single celled and can be spherical, spiral, or rod-shaped. Most bacterium multiply by dividing into two, or through spore formation.

Biocide: Bio refers to a living thing; cide refers to killing. Any substances that kills living organisms pathogenically or non-pathogenically

Black Mold: A fungus or mold having suspended black dust spore particles in the air.

Cladosporium: Clados, which means sprout, branch. A plant which will be found any place inside a building, as well as textiles, toilet tiles, wood, dampish windowsills, as well as any wet areas. Some species thrive in 0°C / 32°F and might typically be found on cold foodstuffs including frozen meat.

Condensation: Wet droplets deposit on surfaces which are cooler than the surrounding air. Condensation takes place once moist, warm air comes into contact with a cooler surfaces that reduces its temperature to the dew point.

Containment: A cross contamination precaution to avoid unaffected areas becoming affected by handling of material or traffic. Containment ordinarily consists of 6-mil plastic fabric, typically used together with negative gas pressure, to stop cross contamination.

Cross Contamination: Where contaminants spread from affected person or space to an unaffected person or space.

Dehumidification: the method of reducing the wetness content to a regulated work space.

Decontamination space: an internal space connected or adjacent to a regulated work area. It consists of assorted rooms that are used for the staff or decontamination, materials and equipment.

Disinfectant:

Any substance or process used on objects for approximately 99% destruction of unwanted microorganisms. Disinfectants might not kill all the spores that may be present on non-living surfaces. Such products typically embrace the suffix “-cide,” which refers to “kill”; e.g., virucide, fungicide, bactericide.

Dry Rot: The progressive, slow deteriorating fungal impact over time that occurs on organic materials and at minimum-moisture conditions.

Fungi: fungus (plural).

Fungicide: Biocide that forestalls, controls, or kills fungi, or causes expansion of spores retardation.

Fungus: A plant with no flowers, leaves, or definitive color such as mushrooms, mildew, mold etc. They are nourished by living or dead organic matter and reproduce via spores.

Germicide: A substance used to kill illness inflicting microorganisms, if used in line with label directions.

Gypsum Board: A widely accessible chalk-like mineral. It’s employed in plaster and in creating plasterboard (gyprock, sheetrock, drywall, etc.)

Hazardous Material: An unrecycled or unclaimed material useful to a user or certain facility. It contains substantial amounts of chemical that is a health threat or injury threat due to its properties or nature.

HEPA: High Efficiency Particulate Air. A recommended vacuum or filter suitable for mold correction cleanup once the materials are completely dried and also when the contaminated materials are moved away from the premises.

Humidity: the quantity of water vapour within the air.

HVAC: Heating, Venting and Air Conditioning. A building or house cooling and heating system

IAQ: Indoor Air Quality. The air quality and “purity” in an enclosed setting

Industrial Hygienist: an expert qualified by skill, coaching, and education, to expect, identify, appraise and develop health hazard control.

Metabolite: Any substance created in or by a biological process. Meta refers to a chemical matter, metabole means alteration.

Mil: A thickness measurement typically describing vinyl wrappings, wear layers, liners, or trash bags. One mil equals to a 1/1000 of an inch.

Mildew: a fungus that grows on paper, plants, garments or animal skin throughout damp weather. Mildew could be a minute, parasitic fungus that produces discoloration or a whitish coating.

Mold:

Molds are naturally occurring fungi within the environment such as decaying dead matter and soil. Molds help in wood, leaves and other plant trash breakdown. Molds are available in a spread of colours, such as orange, brown, white, green, and black. Molds will appear as slimy streaks or fuzzy. There’s typically an earthy or musty odour around molds.

Mycelium: A part of a fungi, consisting of 1 or a lot of white, complex fibers. It is derived from Latin mushroom.

Mycotoxins: A probably harmful substance created by some fungi, particularly molds. Greek word Mycocomes meaning toxins and fungus.

Nonporous: a fabric that doesn’t absorb, neither is it penetrated by liquids, particularly water. Generally, the permeance factor of nonporous materials is less than one.

Penicillium: Originally Latin Penicillin which means tiny brush. A fungus commonly occurring in house dirt, wallpaper, decaying materials, wall board, dampish chipboards, as well as behind paint. Generally, for optimal growth, genus Penicillium needs less wetness (water activity) and temperatures that are cooler.

Plaster: A powder mixed in water and with sand applied over a plaster base to make a tough ceiling and wall surface in addition to the surface as well.

Pulmonary: concerning, or related to, the lungs.

Relative Humidity: the quantity of water vapour within the air at a selected temperature, compared to the quantity of water vapour the air can hold at that temperature.

Remediation: The method or act of correcting a deficiency or fault.

Spore: Inactive, typically uni-cellular, procreative propagule (off shoot or a bud that reproduces itself; can be a plant or animal) from which fungi or bacterium evolve once acceptable growth conditions are met. Spores are bodies that let survival of a being throughout unfavourable growth conditions (food source, moisture, temperature). Inhalation of spores will cause sensitivity or health issues in sensitive persons.

Sporicide: Substance that has the power to regulate or destroy the spores that germinate into bacterium or fungi, once used in line with label directions.

Stachybotrys Chartarum: A black or greenish-black slimed mold related to extended water damage, particularly in situation of sewage-damage, involving materials such as ceiling tiles, wallboard, and wallpaper. Stachybotrys mold produces poisons called mycotoxins.

Toxicity: The total adverse effects ensuing from exposure to a fabric, typically through the skin, mouth, or tract.

Toxin: a toxic substance created by cells, especially bacterium and fungi. The symptoms of an illness caused by bacterium are because of toxins.

Vapor: A foamy liquid or solid that evaporates at part pressure and temperature.

Virus: A substance that causes infectious diseases. Is microscopic and smaller than a normal bacterium


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